Cutting process in garment industry

Cutting process in garment industry can be tricky and many people are perplexed on how this magical feat of matching every check/stripe is achieved by the factories. Here is the step by step, brief explanation on cutting process in garment industry and the cutting process flowchart at the end of the article.
1. Spreading or laying
To cut many garments simultaneously, fabric is spread in layers one over  the on a long table. This process in called spreading or laying.
             Plies – Fabric is spread in layers one above the other and every layer is called a ply. Number of plies that can be laid is decided based on the height of the knife, thickness of fabric and type of cutting method being followed.
             Lay– End product of spreading/ laying is a lay which is nothing but desired number of plies laid.
Spreading can be done by manual as well as automated spreaders.
Note: while spreading checks and stripes fabric, every line of a ply will not overlap exactly over each other hence if garments are cut directly line matching will not be achieved in every garment. Pinning table is used as solution to this problem. If pinning table is not used then panels are cut as a block as explained below.

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