What is a marker in apparel Industry?

A marker in apparel industry is an efficient arrangement of 2d pattern pieces for one or more garments in a rectangular way which is printed on paper to help in cutting of fabric by acting as a reference. The width of the marker is decided by the available fabric width.

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Root cause Analysis for garment defects

Root cause analysis is a problem solving technique to identify the root cause for a defect. It is a drill down approach where a selected problem is worked through quality control tools like fishbone diagram, 5-why analysis ,4M matrix, tree diagram etc. till a final actionable root cause is found.

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Recutting in apparel manufacturing

Recutting in garment industry is the process of cutting a panel again to replace a defective cut panel during the cutting process .

In most garment factories hundred percent of big cut panels are inspected for fabric and cutting defects, while smaller cut panels are not inspected. Since defectives are found after cutting the fabric, Endbits  (remnants) recovered from lays or leftover fabric are used for recutting.

How fabric consumption for recutting is calculated ?

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Types of garment production systems

Garment production system is defined as a structure in which machines, material handling, people and production processes are integrated to convert fabric into garments.

Types of garment production systems differ from each other by following factors:

  1. How many operations does one sewing operator perform?
  2. How many pieces flow together in the sewing line?
  3. How are material transferred from one workstation to other?
  4. How many pieces flow together in the sewing line?
  5. How many machines does one sewing operator operate?
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Reduce Matching Time in an Assembly sewing line using workaid

I was doing my apparel internship with one of the top jacket manufacturer . There I found that lining – Body – Sleeve matching was one of major bottleneck in production. Matching operator would pick up sewn front, lining and sleeve hang them all up on an iron rod. Then she would pick up one front body piece and search for matching lining and sleeve. At one point of time there used to be atleast 50-100 lining and sleeve. So finding a particular number lining , sleeve from a stack of 50 -100 would take a lot of time . Clearly this is a highly inefficient process which affects loading in assembly line . To solve this matching /pairing problem many apparel manufacturers make use of pigeon holes.

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Line balancing in garment industry and how it can be improved ?

line balancing in garment industry is the technique of levelling output of every operation in a garment sewing production line.

The main objectives of balancing the line is to produce the same expected output at every process of an assembly line .There should neither be accumulation of work between two process nor absence of work between the processes. It is important to maintain this balance because in an assembly line output of one process is the input for other.

If a production line is not balanced then there would be following production problems:

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Difference between Lycra and Spandex

Difference between Lycra and Spandex has baffled many people in this post we are going to compare spandex and lycra to clear the confusion.

Specific garments or clothes come with inbuilt stretchability qualities. This excellence of the material is due to the existence of spandex.

The content of spandex present in the material is often interchangeably used with Lycra. Most people generalize or evaluate lycra as the synonym of spandex. However, there is a minor distinction between Lycra and Spandex.

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